Steiner Deltoid
We know that Jacob Steiner (17961863) proved that the envelope of the WallaceSimson lines is a curve that has three cuspidal points that is called the Steiner deltoid. And a deltoid is one specific curve in the family of hypocycloid curves. A hypocycloid is a plane curve generated by the trace of a fixed point on a small circle that rolls without slipping within a larger circle. A deltoid is a hypocycloid in which the inner turning circle has a radius that is one third the radius of the outer circle. In this page we explore the fact that the Steiner Deltoid is a hypocycloid. It is to say that it is generated by a circle rolling inside another circle. Both circles are related with the Feuerbach circle or the ninepoint circle, (green circle in the image). The radius of the ninepoint circle is half the radius of the circumscribed circle. The exterior circle has the same center as the ninepoint circle and its radius is three times the radius of the ninepoint circle. The rolling circle has the same radius as the Feuerbach circle and both are tangent. When the small circle rolls without slipping generates the Steiner deltoid. The Steiner deltoid is tangent to the ninepoint circle.
The three tangents to the deltoid at the three cuspides pass through the center of the Feuerbach circle.
REFERENCES
de Guzmán, Miguel 'The envelope of the WallaceSimson lines of a triangle. A simple proof of the Steiner theorem on the deltoid'.
RACSAM, vol. 95, 2001.
Coxeter, H. S. M. and Greitzer, S. L. Geometry Revisited. Washington, DC: Math. Assoc. Amer.
Coxeter, H. S. M. Introduction to Geometry, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley and sons, 1969.
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